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Somerset Historic Environment Record


Site Name: Enclosures and field system, Wortheal
Civil Parish: Wambrook
Grid Ref: ST 275 085 (ST 20 NE)
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Complex of field banks with three enclosures. Circular embanked and ditched enclosure SW of present farmhouse at ST27380837. Consists of a bank and ditch on the E side with stone incorporated and is reflected in a stone field bank on the N side. The W side is ploughed out but traces of it are visible on APs. Except for the shape, little to suggest a prehistoric site although the surrounding field system and ridge and furrow extend over the SW corner. Third enclosure at ST27430895 seen on AP with diameter c40m. House platforms also around the farm forming a shrunken village. {2}

Defences consist of a rubble bank 3m wide and 1m high with an external ditch 6m wide and 0.5m deep on the E side. {5}

Enclosure diameter 100m. Likely to be Iron Age-Romano-British homestead. Second enclosure to NE of the farm at ST27550874 c50m diameter but very damaged. {6}

Other banks up to 2m high make field system. {7}

Map showing field names in 1800 and possible pattern of growth. {8}


1 Mention - Carter, R. Wortheal. In Aston, M. Somerset Archaeology 1974-75. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  120 (1976), 69-80 at 70.
2 Detailed records - Carter, RW. Parish Surveys in Somerset: No 1 - Wamboork.  (1977), 13 (plate 2b)
3 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card Record ID: ST 20 NE 40 (1979). Location: HER files
4 Aerial photographs - RAF CPE/UK/1974 1313-4 (September 1947). Location: Somerset Studies Library, Taunton
5 Detailed records - Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981), 257 and 264. British Archaeological Reports 91
6 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division 1975 ST20NE40 (SCC Planning Department)
7 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card Record ID: ST 20 NE 39 (1979). Location: HER files
8 Map - Anon [R Carter?]. Wortheal Farm (undated). Location: HER files

Record created in August 1984

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