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Somerset Historic Environment Record

44979

Site Name: Excavation (1964-1966), Glastonbury Tor
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: St Michael's Church, monastic remains, and other settlement remains on Glastonbury Tor [No:29700]
Civil Parish: Glastonbury
Part of:
PRN 22946Glastonbury Tor
Grid Ref: ST 512 386 (ST 53 NW)
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Public access:

It is unlikely that there is anything to see unless this event took place on a site (see link above) where there may be details of access. Otherwise please assume that the site is on private land. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Excavation, funded by the Chalice Well Trust, was carried out on the summit of the Tor for 11 weeks over 3 years from 1964-6. Five phases were identified:

Phase 0: Prehistoric and Roman. No structures but quantities of Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic flint and early and late Roman pottery.

Phase 1: Dark Age, centred on 6th century AD. Timber buildings, metalworking, imported mediterranean pottery, local grass tempered pottery, Roman tile, Samian, metal objects etc. See PRN 23603.

Phase 2: Late saxon to early medieval: C10 - C12. Monastic settlement with cross base on summit, cells cut into rock and possible wooden church. See PRN 23604.

Phase 3: C12 - C16. Two or more sucessive stone churches on summit, ?priests house on shoulder. See PRN 23605.

Phase 4: Post medieval. No permanent occupation but signs of beacon fires, gibbits, burials etc. {1}

References:

1 Excavation report - Rahtz, P. Excavations at Glastonbury Tor, Somerset 1964-6. Archaeological Journal.  127 (1970), 1-81
2 Museum accession number - TTNCM 93/1991. Stored at Museum collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.
3 Archive - (1964-1966) Available at Archives and Records at Somerset Heritage Centre. Reference: DD\X\SOM/24/4

Record created on 20 November 2000

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