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Somerset Historic Environment Record

43351

Site Name: The Castles (hillfort), N of Surridge Farm, Bathealton
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: The Castles [No:32178]
Civil Parish: Bathealton
Comprises:
PRN 44692Neolithic axehead and arrowhead find, The Castles, Surridge
Grid Ref: ST 057 244 (ST 02 SE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Univallate hillfort with a slightly inturned entrance. Except for the strong rampart at the E end, the defences consist of a scarp with traces of an outer ditch and counter scarp bank. {1}

Trees on the defences. Bank is c4m high on the E end but decreases elsewhere. {2}

Clear double bank on W with ditch between. Interior grass, rather domed with a terrace in the centre. Several banks and terraces on the steep slopes to the N. {3}

Roman coins have been found in the hillfort. {5}

Most of the site is in good condition under grass but there is severe erosion along the W facing scarp of the fort. {8}

Scheduling affirmed with new national number (was Somerset 353) on 16/4/1999. {9}

See PRN 44692 for neolithic finds from the hill. {10}

Substantial bank and ditch line visible forming E side of camp. Generally in good condition apart from exposed soil beneath mature beech trees on E side. Scarp on S side, topped by field bank is eroded, and field bank itself is broken through in a number of places by sheep. {11}

Scheduling revised to exclude well beneath hut on west side. {12}

References:

1 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 02 SE 1 (1966) Location: HER files. HER digital source: 2221.
2 Mention - Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981) British Archaeological Reports 91.
3 Detailed records - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden (20/4/1998) Location: HER files. HER digital source: 22551.
4 Mention - Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 2 (1911), 481.
5 Mention - Collinson, J. The History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 3 (1791), 23.
6 Mention - Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 1 (1906), 357.
7 Aerial photographs - 4.3.1. (February 1979) Location: Somerset County Council Historic Environment Service slide collection
8 Detailed records - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden (10/11/1998) Location: HER files. HER digital source: 22552.
9 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (22/6/1999) Location: HER files
10 Compiler comment - Webster, CJ [Chris]. Somerset County Council, Historic Environment Record (29/06/1999). Location: Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained
11 Site visit report - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden. (10/11/1999) Report location: HER files
12 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (20/6/2000) Location: HER files. HER digital source: 13680.
13 Aerial photographs - DAP RM09, 10. (1990) Location: HER digital information, prints in archive at Somerset Heritage Centre.

Record created in January 1986

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