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Somerset Historic Environment Record

33201

Site Name: Trendle Ring hillfort, Bicknoller Hill, Bicknoller
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Trendle Ring hillfort and associated outwork [No:24008]
Civil Parish: Bicknoller
Comprises:
PRN 17203Geophysical Survey (2004) Trendle Ring, Bicknoller
Grid Ref: ST 1181 3935 (ST 13 NW)
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Image: Image of HER 33201 - Trendle Ring. Photo by Somerset County Council (29 March 1977)
  HER 33201 - Trendle Ring. Photo by Somerset County Council (29 March 1977)

Public access:

As far as we are aware all or part of this site is on National Trust land open to the public. (Open Access). [Information last updated on 20 December 2002]

Details:

Simple enclosed camp, an irregular quadrilateral with rounded corners enclosed by a bank of stones with external ditch although this is demolished on NW side. Univallate hillfort. {1}

Bank and ditch on the N which develops into a scarp and berm on the lower southern side. Its situation is not defensive and its construction is only of moderate strength. More like an enclosure. {2}

Simple entrance gap on E side. {3}

On the uphill side the ramparts are quite massive with the bank 3-4m high. On the downhill side the bank is minimal. Covered with gorse and heather. Cross bank (PRN 34701) 400m to the NE. {4}

Sub-circular small slight fort, enclosing 0.7ha. on a steep, narrow spur. On E the defences drop below the shoulder of the spur and flank an entranceway. Around the top of the site defences are a bank up to c.1.5m high, ditch up to c.0.5m deep, and counterscarp up to c.0.5m high. Steep drop from bank to ditch. On lower side of site defences utilise steep slope and become a scarp up to c3.5m high and terrace 3m wide at its foot. Quarry ditches inside the fort here may indicate a former bank fallen into an outer ditch. Two apparantly original entrances. On NE leading from uphill in the direction of an outwork (PRN 34701) is a simple gap and causeway. On SE is an askew entrance leading up from the combe below, with a terraced track running up between staggered ramparts. Slight widely spaced ridges visible in interior suggesting more recent cultivation Cross-ridge work above the site on the blind approach (PRN 34701). {16}

Scheduled area revised with new national number to include cross-ridge bank on 30 June 1994 (was Somerset 407). {17}

The enclosure is sub-circular in shape, wider on the lower south-western end and narrowing to a corner at the north. The upper part of the defences comprises a bank with external ditch while the lower consists of a scarping of the already steep hillslope. The bank is strongest on the NE on either side of the entrance where it is 1.3m high and 9m wide. The bank on the W side is less impressive and a small breach here is unlikely to be original. There is some evidence of a later phase strengthening the bank here. The scarp around the lower part is up to 5m high. There is no bank but there is a quarry scoop within the enclosure perhaps to provide material for a fighting platform. A small gap at the join of the bank and scarp may be an original entrance. {21}

References:

1 Description - Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 2 (1911), 506.
2 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 13 NW 3 (1965) Location: HER files.
3 Description - Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981), 378-9. British Archaeological Reports 91.
4 Detailed records - Various. Department of the Environment and English Heritage (1980s) Location: HER collections.
5 Aerial photographs - 3.1.35. (March 1977) Location: Historic Environment Service slide collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.
6 Measured plan - Somerset County Council. 1:500 plan. Drawing HBC 3/1/3. Location: HER collections
7 Aerial photographs - NMR ST4727.1 (SMR file 33201)
8 Aerial photographs - 3.1.36, 3.1.44-48. (July 1977) Location: Historic Environment Service slide collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.
9 Mention - McDonnell, R [Richard]. Somerset County Council Quantocks aerial photo survey (c.1987) (ST1139). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
10 Aerial photographs - RAF CPE/UK/1944 2126. (23/1/1947) Location: Somerset Studies at Somerset Heritage Centre
11 Aerial photographs - HSL 71 180 Run 11E 9007. (07/09/1971) Location: Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.
12 Mention - Haldane, JW. Bicknoller, Trendle Ring. Archaeological Review (CBA Group 13)  2 (1967), 12 (page 12) Copy available in HER collections.
13 Mention - Pevsner, N. The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset.  (1958), 87. Copy held in HER collections.
14 Sketch plan - Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 2 (1911), 506.
15 Aerial photographs - DAP QJ10-14. (1990) Location: HER digital information, prints in archive at Somerset Heritage Centre.
16 Detailed records - Preece, A. Trendle Ring hillfort and associated outwork.  (17/9/1993) unpublished Monuments Protection Programme report for English Heritage. Location: HER files.
17 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (13/7/1994) Location: HER files.
18 Aerial photographs - CUCAP ARI 89. (18/5/1967) Location: HER files.
19 Aerial photographs - Aerofilms A.227592. (not dated) Location: HER files.
20 Aerial photographs - DAP ABU 15. (23/7/1997) Location: HER digital information, prints in archive at Somerset Heritage Centre.
21 Detailed records - Riley, H. The 'Trendle' Hillslope Enclosure and the Bicknoller Cross-ridge Dyke, Bicknoller, Somerset.  Unpublished English Heritage report No: AI/27/2002 (2002) Location: HER file. HER digital source: 15668.
22 Measured plan - English Heritage. 1:1000 survey plan. (2002) Location: HER files.

Record created in December 1983

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