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Somerset Historic Environment Record

25725

Site Name: Mining-related earthworks, Stratton Common, Nettlebridge
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Medieval coal mining remains immediately south of Benter Cross [No:29696]
Civil Parish: Ashwick, Stratton on the Fosse
Grid Ref: ST 648 488 (ST 64 NW)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Best-preserved part of an extensive landscape of coal mining-related earthworks extending for more than 2km along the Mells Brook. Interlinked area of small scale weathered earthworks, not conforming to normal Post medieval 'bell-pit' landscapes. A few identifiable shaft-mounds and gin circles may date from c1700, but no field or documentary evidence for C18-20 reworking of earlier mines. Documented evidence for mining on Stratton Common from 1300 (earliest reference in Somerset) to c1700. Position of site in relation to Fosse Way and Bath (where there is evidence of coal usage) suggests strong possibility of Roman activity. Site retains a range of undisturbed and unusual early features with intact stratigraphy of pre-1700 mines (including possible relationships to Fosse Way) and shallow underground workings are likely to survive in direct association. {1}

Site scheduled on 17 May 2000. {3}

Fields owned by Somerset Wildlife Trust to be managed for grassland species. {4}

Earthwork remains of colliery features including outcropping, shallow workings and dispersed shaft mounds with horse gins survive over a wide area. Potentailly exploited in medieval and Roman periods. {5}

References:

1 Detailed records - Anon. Stratton Common.  (1994) unpublished Monuments Protection Programme report for English Heritage. Location: HER files.
2 Mention - Down, C and Warrington, A. The History of the Somerset Coalfield.  (1970), 224-6.
3 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (9/6/2000) Location: HER files.
4 Site visit report - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden (28/11/2000) Location: HER files.
5 Mention - Gould, S. Coal Mining in Somerset: An assessment of the surviving field remains, their significance and recommendations for future management.  Unpublished English Heritage report (2005) Location: HER collections.

Record created on 19 June 1998

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