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Somerset Historic Environment Record

24269

Site Name: Westbury Camp hillfort, north of Stoke Woods, Rodney Stoke
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Westbury Camp, slight univallate hillfort, 750m north of Stokewood Cottage [No:29039]
Civil Parish: Rodney Stoke
Comprises:
PRN 25689Lime kiln, Westbury Camp, Rodney Stoke
PRN 30295Earthwork survey (2007), Westbury Camp, Rodney Stoke
Grid Ref: ST 49200 51100 (ST 45 SE)
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Public access:

As far as we are aware all or part of this site lies on land that is open to the public under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (Open Access Land, expires 30/09/09). [Information last updated on 14 May 2003]

Details:

Westbury camp is sited on a hill slope. On the north-east the defences, consisting of a mound with outer ditch, has largely been destroyed by small quarries As the defences go down the hill slope they become weaker. {1}

Westbury Camp appears to be a non-defensive iron age earthwork enclosure. It consists of a weak bank and ditch, degenerating into little more than a scarp on the lower south side, with a simple entrance at the north end of the east side. The very narrow top of the bank suggests that it may have been surmounted by a dry stone wall. Along part of the east side there are traces of a berm between the bank and the outer ditch and at the westt angle shallow quarry pits occur internally and externally set back from the "rampart". The situation at the end of the spur strongly suggests that this is an unfinished hillfort. {3}

A large irregular shaped enclosure defined by a low bank with some associated fields (PRN 24270) to the NW and SE on the SW-facing slope of Mendip. {5}

Barrow within the fort (PRN 24280). {8}

The site shows clearly on a photograph taken by West Air. {9}

Scheduling revised with new national number (was Somerset 437) on Jan 31 1997. {11}

In January 2007, a topographical survey (PRN 30295) of Westbury Camp was undertaken as part of English Heritage's archaeological survey of the Mendip Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). The survey confirmed that Westbury Camp is a univallate hillfort of late prehistoric date. It comprises a sub-rectangular enclosure defined by an earth and stone rampart, with an outer ditch and bank on two sides. A single gap entrance is located towards the north-eastern corner of the hillfort and there is a Bronze Age barrow (PRN 24280) near its centre. The simple form of the enclosure and entrance, the modest size of the rampart, and the earthwork evidence for a box rampart construction all suggest Westbury Camp dates from the earliest period of hillfort construction. {12}

References:

1 Mention - Thorburn, M, Tratman, EK and Willmore, KM. Field work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  2(3) (1925), 274-97 (page 284-5). Available online.
2 Sketch plan - Thorburn, M, Tratman, EK and Willmore, KM. Field work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  2(3) (1925), 274-97 (page 284-5). Available online.
3 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 45 SE 31 (1978) Location: HER files
4 Description - Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981) British Archaeological Reports 91.
5 Mention - McDonnell, RRJ [Richard]. Somerset County Council claylands aerial photo survey (1985) (ST4951A). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
6 Aerial photographs - HSL 71 220 Run 49E 1902. (12/11/1971) Location: Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.
7 Aerial photographs - CS 969 Run 49, 4697. (August 1981) Location: Somerset Studies Library, Taunton
8 Compiler comment - Dennison, E [Ed]. Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (26/09/1985). Location: Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained
9 Correspondence - Hollinrake, C [Charlie] to Somerset County Council. (11/4/1983) with sketch plan from aerial photograph. Location: HER files
10 Aerial photographs - West Air Photography BT1705/1. (not dated) Location: HER files.
11 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (20/2/1997) Location: HER files
12 Survey report - Jamieson, E. Westbury Camp, Somerset: A Late Prehistoric Hillfort on the Mendip Hills.  Research Dept Report Series no. 71/2007 (2007) Location: HER files under PRN 30295. HER digital source: 13495.

Record created in July 1985

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