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Somerset Historic Environment Record

23881

Site Name: Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Farleigh Hungerford
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Farleigh Hungerford Castle [No:28840]
Civil Parish: Norton St. Philip
Comprises:
PRN 15073Watching brief (1998), Farleigh Castle
PRN 15074Watching brief (2001), Farleigh Castle
PRN 16456Watching brief (2003), Farleigh Hungerford Castle
PRN 16457Watching brief (2003), Farleigh Hungerford Castle
PRN 23882Chapels, Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Farleigh Hungerford
PRN 23883Priest's house, Farleigh Castle, Farleigh Hungerford
PRN 32033Watching brief (2009), Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Farleigh Hungerford
PRN 57104Watching brief (1999), west of the castle, Farleigh Hungerford
Grid Ref: ST 801 577 (ST 85 NW)
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Image: Image of HER 23881 - Photo by Somerset County Council (17 June 1993)
  HER 23881 - Photo by Somerset County Council (17 June 1993)

Public access:

As far as we are aware all or part of this site is an English Heritage property open to the public at certain times. [Information last updated on 10 December 2002]

Details:

Farleigh Castle was first fortified in 1377 and extended by the addition of a polygonal outer court c1425-30. {1}

The site today consists essentially of two ruinous towers and exposed foundations. The chapel houses a museum. {2}

In 1973-76 excavations carried out N of the chapel and on the ditch and curtain wall of the outer enclosure on the W side. {4}

Repairs to damp in the chapel necessitated the construction of a drain and soakaway. These were constructed entirely within the 1970s excavation. {9}

Scheduling revised with new national number on 8 July 1997 (was Somerset 4). {10}

Dendrochronological study of the roof timbers from St Leonard's chapel showed that the majority of the trees had been felled sometime around AD 1600-22. A repair was dated to AD 1765-95. {11}

Dendrochronological study of the roof timbers from St Anne's chapel showed that the trees had been felled sometime after 1609. A window lintel was dated to the early nineteenth century. {12}

A licence to crenellate was only granted in 1381. {13}

A watching brief in 2005 (PRN 19431) on the northern edge of the site concluded that the castle bank in that location is part of the original build, though has been subject to collapse in two places. Unstratified material from the occupation of the castle was recovered from the bank. The stream bed has formed naturally and is unlined. There was no evidence for earlier culverting of the stream but the bank had been revetted in two places in the C19. A post medieval boundary wall was revealed on the south side of the stream. {14}

The development of the castle has been through surviving illustrations dating from 1700 onwards. {16}

References:

1 Verbal communication - Burrow, I [Ian]. Somerset County Council (01/01/1984). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
2 Detailed records - Algar, D [David]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden. (1984) Report location: HER files
3 Excavation report - Miles, TJ and Saunders, AD. The chantry priests' house at Farleigh Hungerford Castle. Medieval Archaeology.  19 (1975), 165-94
4 Excavation report - Wilcox, R. Excavations at Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Somerset, 1973-76. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History.  124 (1980), 87-109 [page 87-109]
5 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 85 NW 1 (1964) Location: HER files
6 Description - DoE. Farleigh Hungerford Castle.  (1983)
7 Mention - Page, W. Victoria History of the County of Somerset.  Vol. 1 (1906), 362.
8 Aerial photographs - CUCAP AOM 50. (23/6/1966) Location: HER files.
9 Detailed records - Davenport, P. Farleigh Hungerford Castle: Report on Archaeological Monitoring of Drainage Works at St Leonard's Chapel, February 1997.  Unpublished Bath Archaeological Trust report (1997) Report location: HER files
10 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (15/7/1997) Location: HER files
11 Tree-ring analysis report - Bridge, M. Tree-ring Analysis of Timbers from the Roof of St Leonard's Chapel, Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Norton St Philip, Somerset.  Unpublished English Heritage report No: 55/2002. (2002) Report location: HER files
12 Tree-ring analysis report - Bridge, M. Tree-ring Analysis of Timbers from the Roof of St Anne's chapel, Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Norton St Philip, Somerset.  Unpublished English Heritage report No: 68/2002. (2002) Report location: HER files
13 Mention - Price, G. Licences to Crenellate. Instruments of the transition to the New Medieval Castle.  (Undated) Unpublished book. Location: HER files under PRN 54719.
14 Verbal communication - Bagwell, T [Talya]. Somerset County Council, Historic Environment Record (15/12/2005). Location: Verbal, electronic or direct entry, no source retained
15 Detailed records - Jackson, JE. Farleigh-Hungerford Castle, Somerset. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  3 (1852), 114-24
16 Detailed records - Hughes, P. Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Somerset: visual evidence of the site, 1700-2000.  (2001) Unpublished report to English Heritage. Copy held in Somerset Studies Library, Taunton
17 Detailed records - Davies, J and Manning, T. Wall Painting Condition Audit, Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Somerset.  Unpublished English Heritage report No: 60/97 (1997) Location: HER file. HER digital source: 11634.

Record created in August 1985

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