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Somerset Historic Environment Record

10350

Site Name: Barrow, NE of Carscliff Farm, Cheddar
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4810 5252 (ST 45 SE) ST 4810 5252 (ST 45 SE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown. Please assume that this site is private property and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 03 January 2003]

Details:

Tumulus with ditch noted by E.K Tratman but no trace on the ground. {1}

The Bronze Age barrow centred at ST 4809 5253 is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs of the 1940s to the northeast of Carscliff Farm, Cheddar.

The barrow is defined by a circular ditch, which is probably the remains of the excavation ditch around the burial mound. The barrow measures 14m in diameter and the ditch measures up to 4m in width. {2}

References:

1 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division 1966 ST45SE17 (SCC Planning Department)
2 Verbal communication - Truscoe, K [Krysia]. Somerset County Council Heritage Service (03/11/2006). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
3 Aerial photographs - RAF 3G/TUD/UK/15/24/PART I 5002-3 14-JAN-1946 in National Monuments Record

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10352

Site Name: Bowl barrow, E of Carscliff Farm, Cheddar
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Comprises:
PRN 18800Excavation (1999), Middle Down Drove, Cheddar
PRN 18806Geophysical surveys (1999), Middle Down Drove, Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4874 5258 (ST 45 SE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown. Please assume that this site is private property and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 03 January 2003]

Details:

Simple bowl barrow 50ft diameter and 4.5ft high with flat top. {1}

19 paces diameter and 3ft high (Cheddar 20). {3}

1.1m high and is still well preserved although it is being spread by ploughing. {4}

A small-scale resistivity survey suggested that that the barrow was surrounded by a ditch. Excavation (PRN 18800) showed the barrow to be a soil and/or turf mound retained by a kerb of limestone boulders. The kerb appeared to have been augmented after a period of slippage but there was no indication of a ditch. One sherd of Late Bronze-Age pottery was found in association with the secondary kerb of the barrow. A scatter of 30 stakeholes was excavated in front of the monument, perhaps relating to several phases of activity as no pattern could be discerned. A total of 73 pieces of undiagnostic flint was also recovered from the excavation.

Further geophysical survey (PRN 18806) was undertaken which showed clearly the stone kerb and another high resitance anomaly in the centre of the barrow. The ditch appeared to be part of a field system which ran past the barrow (but not in the area excavated). {5}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T121
2 Mention - Thorburn, M, Tratman, EK and Willmore, KM. Field work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  2(3) (1925), 274-97 (page 284). Available online.
3 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
4 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card 1966 ST 45 SE 43 in HER files
5 Detailed records - Lewis J and Mullin D. The Middle Down Drove Project: fieldwalking, test pitting and excavation, Cheddar, Somerset 1997-9. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  22(2) (2000) (page 203-223)

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10353

Site Name: Bowl barrow, SE of Carscliff Farm, Cheddar
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4883 5198 (ST 45 SE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Simple bowl barrow 27ft diameter and 2.5ft high. Flat top, partly destroyed by a trench coming in from the E (T122). {1}

27ft diameter and 2.5ft high with a hollow in the centre. Seen in April 1939 (Cheddar 21). {3}

No trace visible in 1956 or thereafter. {4}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T122
2 Mention - Thorburn, M, Tratman, EK and Willmore, KM. Field work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  2(3) (1925), 274-97 (page 284). Available online.
3 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
4 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division 1966 ST45SE34 (SCC Planning Department)

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10354

Site Name: Barrow, E of Carscliff Farm, Cheddar
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4935 5212 (ST 45 SE) ST 4935 5212 (ST 45 SE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Mound 17 paces diameter and 3ft high which may be a degenerate bell barrow (Cheddar 22). The berm is 13ft wide and raised c1ft. {1}

Not recorded by Tratman. {2}

Visible on an AP and seems badly mutilated by ploughing. It does not have a very pronounced bell profile and appears to be a bowl barrow that has had the outer part of its mound gradually reduced by ploughing. {3}

The Bronze Age barrow or burial mound centred at ST 4935 5212 is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs east of Carscliff Farm, Cheddar.

Bronze Age barrows or burial mounds are found throughout the Mendip hills frequently positioned on a false crest or the highest ground in a particular area, either singly or in groups. The groups of barrows are often arranged in linear cemeteries.

The barrow is defined by a sub-circular mound which measures 20m in diameter. {5}

References:

1 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 98 and 126)
2 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: Not listed
3 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division 1966 ST45SE45 (SCC Planning Department)
4 Aerial photographs - RAF 3G.TUD.UK 15.24 5004-5 January 1946
5 Verbal communication - Truscoe, K [Krysia]. Somerset County Council Heritage Service (30/10/2006). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
6 Aerial photographs - RAF 3G/TUD/UK/15/19/PART III 5187-8 13-JAN-1946 in National Monuments Record
7 Aerial photographs - RAF 3G/TUD/UK/15/24/PART I 5005-6 14-JAN-1946 in National Monuments Record

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10386

Site Name: Mound, N of Cheddar Gorge, Cheddar
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4711 5464 (ST 45 SE)
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Public access:

As far as we are aware all or part of this site is on National Trust land open to the public. (Open Access). [Information last updated on 20 December 2002]

Details:

Barrow 25ft diameter and 4ft high (T188). Marked as a tumulus on the OS 1930 map. {1}

A mound 1m high. Elongated site, possibly a burial cairn or more likely a field clearance heap. {3}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T188
2 Mention - Crook, KM and Tratman, EK. Field Work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  3(1) (1927), 25-47 (page 32). Available online.
3 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division 1966 ST45SE41 (SCC Planning Department)

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10402

Site Name: Bowl barrow, 300m NE of Tynings Farm, Cheddar
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Bowl barrow 300m north east of Tyning's Farm [No:13876]
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4724 5667 (ST 45 NE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Simple bowl barrow 30ft diameter and 2ft high (T10a). {1}

13 paces diameter and 1ft high (Cheddar 6). {2}

0.5m high which has been spread by ploughing. {3}

Confusion as to whether this is a scheduled monument (Somerset 419) has been resolved by scheduling with new national number on 06.10.93. {4}

Monument not visible under wheat crop, but farmer says that when ploughed it appears as a raised, stony area. {5}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T10a
2 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
3 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division 1966 ST45NE14 (SCC Planning Department)
4 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council 14.10.93
5 Site visit report - Graham, A. Field Monument Warden's report (25/6/1999)

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10403

Site Name: Bowl barrow, 330m east of Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Bowl barrow 330m east of Batts Coombe Quarry [No:13804]
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4653 5502 (ST 45 NE) ST 4653 5502 (ST 45 NE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Simple bowl barrow 30ft diameter and 3ft high (T190). {1}

9 paces diameter and 2ft high (Cheddar 10). Mound rather stony. {3}

Possible barrow, small with a high stone content, 1m high. {4}

Now 0.5m high with stone scattered on the top. {5}

Mound c8m diameter (very difficult to define edge due to disturbances and slope of ground) and 0.75m high. Old disturbance on the E side now grassed over. Good turf cover. {7}

Scheduled as AM 113a. {8}

Although a map exists in the HER files showing this site scheduled as Somerset 113, English Heritage have confirmed that the legal process was never completed. {9}

Site Scheduled 1992. {10}

Small uneven mound with stones protruding through the turf. In good condition in rough pasture and not ploughed. {11}

The Bronze Age barrow or burial mound is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs and lidar 330m to the east of Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar.

Bronze Age barrows or burial mounds are found throughout the Mendip hills frequently positioned on a false crest or the highest ground in a particular area, either singly or in groups. The groups of barrows are often arranged in linear cemeteries.

This barrow is the most southerly in a group of four (PRNs 10404, 10405 and 10407). The barrows are situated on a curving southwest-northeast line.

The barrow is defined by a sub-oval mound which measures up to 7m in length by up to 6m in width. {12}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T190
2 Mention - Crook, KM and Tratman, EK. Field Work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  3(1) (1927), 25-47 (page 32). Available online.
3 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
4 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 45 NE 57 (1966) Location: HER files under PRN 10404.
5 Detailed records - Entry found in HER database with no supporting documentation - entry just said 'in SMR file' where nothing was found. This is believed to have been a note that was typed up and then discarded. Location: Unknown or non-existant.
6 Measured plan - Somerset County Council. 1:1000 barrows and field system. (April 1983) Drawing HBC 1/17/1 (microfilm). Location: HER collections
7 Detailed records - HBMC Field Monument Wardens report (SCC Planning Department)
8 Verbal communication - Dennison, E [Ed]. Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (08/02/1988). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
9 Verbal communication - Webster, CJ [Chris]. Somerset County Council, Historic Environment Record (16/08/1991). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
10 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (22/1/1992) Location: HER files
11 Site visit report - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden. (4/5/1999) Report location: HER files
12 Verbal communication - Truscoe, K [Krysia]. Somerset County Council Heritage Service (06/12/2006). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
13 Aerial photographs - RAF 58/3905 (F41) 0249-50. (02/11/1960) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
14 Aerial photographs - RAF 543/2332 (IF22) 0330-1. (06/06/1963) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
15 Aerial photographs - NMR OS/89071 0181-2. (08/04/1989) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
16 Aerial photographs - ZKn RI 0329-30. (04/11/2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
17 Aerial photographs - Mendip AONB lidar ST 4654. (Sept-Dec 2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon

Record created in April 1984

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10404

Site Name: Bowl barrow, 350m east of Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Bowl barrow 350m east of Batts Coombe Quarry [No:13803]
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4658 5505 (ST 45 NE) ST 4658 5505 (ST 45 NE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Simple bowl barrow 85ft diameter and 7ft high (T189). {1}

25 paces diameter and 7ft high (Cheddar 11). Hollow in centre and partly limited by the remains of a tree-clump enclosure. {3}

Bowl barrow 1.6m high with a hollow in the centre. {4}

1.5m high Rectangular building outlined in stone situated in the top of the barrow. {5}

Mound 18m diameter and 2m high with a large central hollow 5m diameter and 0.75m deep. Good turf cover with some stones showing through. Barrow located on the highest point of the spur. {7}

Scheduled as AM 113b. {8}

Although a map exists in the HER files showing this site scheduled as Somerset 113, English Heritage have confirmed that the legal process was never completed. {9}

Site scheduled 1992. {10}

A large uneven mound with protruding stones. In good condition in pasture and not ploughed. There is a large central depression. {11}

The Bronze Age barrow or burial mound is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs and lidar 350m to the east of Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar.

Bronze Age barrows or burial mounds are found throughout the Mendip hills frequently positioned on a false crest or the highest ground in a particular area, either singly or in groups. The groups of barrows are often arranged in linear cemeteries.

This barrow is the second most southerly in a group of four (PRNs 10403, 10405 and 10407). The barrows are situated on a curving southwest-northeast line.

The barrow is defined by a sub-oval mound which measures up to 25m in length by up to 20m in width. A sub-circular ditch is visible in the top of the mound, possibly the result of an excavation in the past, measuring 7m in diameter. {12}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T189
2 Mention - Crook, KM and Tratman, EK. Field Work. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society  3(1) (1927), 25-47 (page 32). Available online.
3 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
4 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 45 NE 57 (1966) Location: HER files
5 Detailed records - Entry found in HER database with no supporting documentation - entry just said 'in SMR file' where nothing was found. This is believed to have been a note that was typed up and then discarded. Location: Unknown or non-existant.
6 Measured plan - Somerset County Council. 1:1000 barrows and field system. (April 1983) Drawing HBC 1/17/1 (microfilm). Location: HER collections.
7 Detailed records - Algar, D [David]. English Heritage Field Monument Field Monument Warden. (23/10/1984) Report location: HER files
8 Verbal communication - Dennison, E [Ed]. Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (08/02/1988). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
9 Verbal communication - Webster, CJ [Chris]. Somerset County Council, Historic Environment Record (16/07/1991). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
10 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (22/1/1992) Location: HER files
11 Site visit report - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden. (4/5/1999) Report location: HER files
12 Verbal communication - Truscoe, K [Krysia]. Somerset County Council Heritage Service (06/12/2006). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
13 Aerial photographs - RAF 58/3905 (F41) 0249-50. (02/11/1960) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
14 Aerial photographs - RAF 543/2332 (IF22) 0330-1. (26/06/1963) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
15 Aerial photographs - NMR OS/89071 0181-2. (08/04/1989) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
16 Aerial photographs - ZKn RI 0329-30. (04/11/2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
17 Aerial photographs - Mendip AONB lidar ST 4654. (Sept-Dec 2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon

Record created in April 1984

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10405

Site Name: Bowl barrow, 300m east of Batts Combe Quarry, Cheddar
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Bowl barrow 300m east of Batts Coombe Quarry [No:13802]
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4661 5515 (ST 45 NE) ST 4661 5515 (ST 45 NE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Bowl barrow 17 paces diameter and 3ft high (Cheddar 12). Located from APs Large stones on mound which has been cut into from the SE. {1}

Bowl barrow 0.6m high. {2}

0.4m high with quarrying in the centre. {3}

Not mentioned in Tratman's barrow catalogue. {5}

Mound 14m diameter and c1m high stones exposed in several places. {6}

Scheduled as AM 113c but there is some confusion with the exact location of this barrow. The scheduling may also apply to PRN 10407 although this appears a little to the N from the maplet. {7}

Scheduling revised 1992. {8}

A small uneven mound with stones protruding. In good condition in permanent pasture and not ploughed. {9}

The Bronze Age barrow or burial mound is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs and lidar 300m to the east of Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar.

Bronze Age barrows or burial mounds are found throughout the Mendip hills frequently positioned on a false crest or the highest ground in a particular area, either singly or in groups. The groups of barrows are often arranged in linear cemeteries.

This barrow is the second most northerly in a group of four (PRNs 10403, 10404 and 10407). The barrows are situated on a curving southwest-northeast line.

The barrow is defined by a sub-circular mound which measures 16m in diameter. {10}

References:

1 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
2 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 45 NE 24 (1966) Location: HER files
3 Detailed records - Entry found in HER database with no supporting documentation - entry just said 'in SMR file' where nothing was found. This is believed to have been a note that was typed up and then discarded. Location: Unknown or non-existant.
4 Measured plan - Somerset County Council. 1:1000 barrows and field system. (April 1983) Drawing HBC 1/17/1 (microfilm). Location: HER collections
5 Verbal communication - Dennison, E [Ed]. Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (10/10/1986). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
6 Detailed records - Algar, D [David]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden. (23/10/1984) Report location: HER files
7 Verbal communication - Dennison, E [Ed]. Somerset County Council, Sites and Monuments Record (08/02/1988). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
8 Correspondence - English Heritage to Somerset County Council. (22/1/1992) Location: HER files
9 Site visit report - Graham, A [Alan]. English Heritage Field Monument Warden. (4/5/1999) Report location: HER files
10 Verbal communication - Truscoe, K [Krysia]. Somerset County Council Heritage Service (06/12/2006). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
11 Aerial photographs - RAF 58/3905 (F41) 0249-50. (02/11/1960) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
12 Aerial photographs - RAF 543/2332 (IF22) 0330-1. (26/06/1963) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
13 Aerial photographs - NMR OS/89071 0181-2. (08/04/1989) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
14 Aerial photographs - Mendip AONB lidar ST 4654. (Sept-Dec 2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon
15 Aerial photographs - ZKn RI 0329-30. (04/11/2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon

Record created in April 1984

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10406

Site Name: Bowl barrow, N of Cheddar Gorge, Cheddar
Civil Parish: Cheddar
Grid Ref: ST 4671 5520 (ST 45 NE)
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Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

Simple bowl barrow 35ft diameter and 1ft high (T189a). {1}

12 paces diameter and 1ft high (Cheddar 12b). Nearly levelled in arable field. {2}

0.6m high and is probably a bowl barrow. {3}

There is some confusion over the siting of this barrow - OS 10,000 map locates this barrow at ST46645530 which is in fact the siting for another mound (PRN 11115). {4}

No trace of the Bronze Age barrow site in the vicinity of ST 4671 5520 could be observed on a recent survey of aerial photographs and lidar in the Mendip AONB. This could be because there are no longer any visible earthwork remains of the barrow or because the earthwork remains were too slight to be visible through aerial survey. {6}

References:

1 Mention - University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Tratman's barrow catalogue. Record ID: T189a
2 Mention - Grinsell, LV. Somerset barrows, part 2: North and East. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  115 (1971), Supplement (page 97)
3 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 45 NE 24 (1966) Location: HER files under PRN 10405.
4 Verbal communication - Burrow, I [Ian]. Somerset County Council (14/03/1984). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
5 Measured plan - Somerset County Council. 1:1000 barrows and field system. (April 1983) Drawing HBC 1/17/1 (microfilm). Location: HER collections
6 Verbal communication - Truscoe, K [Krysia]. Somerset County Council Heritage Service (23/05/2007). Location: verbal or direct entry to database, no other records.
7 Aerial photographs - Mendip AONB lidar ST 4654. (Sept-Dec 2005) Location: National Monuments Record, Swindon

Record created in January 1983

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014