Please Wait - Compiling Details.

<< Back to Query / Map page


Somerset Historic Environment Record

10176

Site Name: Gothelney Manor, Charlynch
Civil Parish: Spaxton
Comprises:
PRN 13676Gothelney Manor Farmhouse (Formerly listed in Charlynch Civil Parish) (previously listed as Gothelney Hall Farm House), Charlynch Lane (South side), Spaxton
Grid Ref: ST 2554 3759 (ST 23 NE)
  Show site on map (Requires Flash)
   

Public access:

The public accessibility of this site is unknown or has not been checked. Please ask locally and do not visit without permission. [Information last updated on 21 May 2003]

Details:

A very impressive fragment of a manor house of c1500. The evidence offered by the building has not been sufficiently examined, but it is possible that the present house was only an entrance range, leading to the Hall at the back of an inner court. Against this is the fact that the surviving range has a roof the inside of which is meant to be exposed. {1}

The house, now known as Gothelney Hall, is in excellent repair and an outstanding example of its period. The ground at the back (W) of the house has been levelled. It is possible that the house originally extended around a court here, but there is no trace of this. {2}

The name is Godelege in Domesday ("good pasture"). Little remains of the early house which was surrounded by a moat, a small portion of which survives at the rear of the house. This may have been defensive as there are loop holes in the tower and elsewhere. In 1436 money was left to the chapel of St John the Baptist at Gothelney but nothing else is known of this chapel. The porch and a large part of the front of the house appear to have been built in C17 probably transforming what had been a gatehouse (a large arch is visible in the present dining room) with a tower at either side. Massive foundations are visible in the cellar. The original C15 roof is visible above the ceiling with a minstrels gallery and adjoining room. The surviving octagonal tower to the east of the porch was also C15 in date. {3}

Dendrochronological dating of timbers from the roof of the great chamber, solar, garderobe, the three distinct sections of the attic floor frame in the great chamber and solar, together with lintels from windows in the attic, ceiling beams from the spiral stairs and double-height dining room and various door frames. Other samples were taken in the southern extension and the smoke house or east range. Analysis of these 31 samples produced a set of 8 sequences, only one of which could be dated - to 1238-1411. This comprised the joists from the solar attic only one of which retained the heartwood sapwood boundary, which suggests a felling date in the range 1426-51. The other samples from this series are compatable with this felling date. Although undated, the other series appear to correspond to the different areas of the building that were sampled. {4}

References:

1 Mention - Pevsner, N. The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset.  (1958), 186. Copy held in HER collections
2 Detailed records - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division record card. Record ID: ST 23 NE 24 (1964) Location: Unknown or non-existant
3 Description - Anon. Gothelney Manor. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  66 (1920), lvi-lviii. Copy available in Local Studies collection at Somerset Heritage Centre.
4 Detailed records - Arnold, A, Howard, R, Hurford, M and Tyers, C. Gothelney Hall, Charlynch, near Bridgwater, Somerset: Tree-ring Analysis of Timbers.  Unpublished English Heritage report No: 45-2010 (2010) Location: HER file 13676. HER digital source: 23146.

Record created in January 1989

© Copyright Somerset County Council 2014