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Somerset Historic Environment Record

54553

Site Name: Cadbury Castle - Roman activity and Temple, South Cadbury
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Large multivallate hillfort and associated earthworks at South Cadbury [No:22904]
Civil Parish: South Cadbury
Part of:
PRN 55105Cadbury Castle, South Cadbury
Grid Ref: ST 628 251 (ST 62 NW)
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Public access:

As far as we are aware this site is open to the public at certain times. (Open Access Land, 30/09/08). [Information last updated on 14 May 2003]

Details:

Two phases of Roman activity were identified by the l966-70 excavations (PRN 22948). The first was an attack on the hillfort, probably in c 60 AD, followed by the dismantling of the defences and the construction of rectangular military timber buildings on site B. {1}

After period of agricultural use, there was an increase in activity in the late C3 and into the late C4, which may be related to the postulated Romano-Celtic temple, whose presence is suggested by reused roof tiles and building stones in the later rampart and discovery of gilt-bronze letter A. {3}

References:

1 Description - Campbell, JA, Baxter, MS and Alcock, L. Radio-carbon dates for the Cadbury massacre. Antiquity  53 (1979), 31-8 Copy available in SANHS library at Somerset Heritage Centre.
2 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Excavations at South Cadbury Castle, 1968: A summary report. Antiquaries Journal  49 (1969), 30-40 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
3 Description - Alcock, L. By South Cadbury is that Camelot ....  (1972), 173.
4 Description - Burrow, I. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD.  (1981), 278-280. British Archaeological Reports 91.

Record created in November 1995

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