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Somerset Historic Environment Record

54552

Site Name: Iron Age Hillfort, South Cadbury Castle
SCHEDULED MONUMENT: Large multivallate hillfort and associated earthworks at South Cadbury [No:22904]
Civil Parish: South Cadbury
Part of:
PRN 55105Cadbury Castle, South Cadbury
Grid Ref: ST 628 251 (ST 62 NW)
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Image: Image of HER 54552 - Photo by Somerset County Council
  HER 54552 - Photo by Somerset County Council

Public access:

As far as we are aware this site is open to the public at certain times. (Open Access Land, 30/09/08). [Information last updated on 14 May 2003]

Details:

The site is a classic contour hillfort with 4 ramparts on the NW and S sides. Only 2 survive on the E, the others may have slipped down slope. Entrances at the SW, NE and E, the latter either later or un- finished. The interior is dominated by a summit plateau on its W side, with steep slopes down on its W and S. Excavations were undertaken by Bennett in 1890 and Gray in 1913 and a major campaign in 1966-70 when 6% of the 7.28 ha site was sampled (PRN 22948). An extended Iron Age occupation sequence was revealed in 1966-70. {1}

An undefended initial IA phase (Cadbury 5) was succeeded by Cadbury 6, enclosed by a timber-laced clay and rubble rampart (A). Rampart B, a stone bank revetted with timber and Lias walling, defended Cadbury 7. Rampart C, much less well preserved, is associated with Cadbury 8. Cadbury 9A, marking the appearance of Durotrigian material, overlies rampart C. 9B lies on the tail of rampart D1 and incorporated into D2. The final Iron Age phase, Cadbury 9C, is assoc- iated with the final refurbishing of the rampart D3 in c60 AD. This sequence is based on detailed analysis of rampart sections. {15}

The 'massacre' deposit found in the gateway is one of a number known from the south west but is probably best interpreted as an extreme form of otherwise normal practices for the treatment of the dead. {16}

References:

1 Description - Alcock, L. By South Cadbury is that Camelot ....  (1972)
2 Excavation report - Alcock, L. A reconaissance excavation at South Cadbury Castle, Somerset, ...Antiquaries Journal  47 (1967), 70-76 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
3 Excavation report - Bennett, JA. Camelot. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  36 (1890), 1-19
4 Excavation report - Gray, H St G. Trial excavations at Cadbury Castle, South Somerset, 1913. Somerset Archaeology and Natural History  59 (1913), 1-24
5 Excavation report - Alcock, L. A reconaissance excavation at South Cadbury Castle, Somerset, ...Antiquaries Journal  47 (1967), 70-76 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
6 Excavation report - Alcock, L. By South Cadbury is that Camelot.... Antiquity  41 (1967), 50-53 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
7 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Excavations at South Cadbury Castle, 1967: A summary report. Antiquity  48 (1968), 6-17 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
8 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Cadbury Castle, 1967. Antiquity  42 (1968), 47-51 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
9 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Excavations at South Cadbury Castle, 1968: A summary report. Antiquaries Journal  49 (1969), 30-40 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
10 Excavation report - Alcock, L. South Cadbury excavations, 1968. Antiquity  43 (1969), 52-56 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
11 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Excavations at South Cadbury Castle 1969: A summary report. Antiquaries Journal  50 (1970), 14-25 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
12 Excavation report - Alcock, L. South Cadbury excavations, 1969. Antiquity  44 (1970), 46-49 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
13 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Excavations at South Cadbury Castle, 1970: A summary report. Antiquity  51 (1971), 1-7 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
14 Excavation report - Alcock, L. Excavations at Cadbury-Camelot, 1966-70. Antiquity  46 (1972), 29-38 Copy available in Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society library at Somerset Heritage Centre
15 Description - Alcock, L. The Cadbury Castle sequence in the first millenium BC. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies  28 (1980), 656-718
16 Description - Moore, T. Iron Age Societies in the Severn-Cotswolds: Developing Narratives of Social and Landscape Change.  (2006), 73-78. British Archaeological Reports 421.

Record created in November 1995

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